Questa panoramica dell'ecosistema social decentralizzato è strutturata per protocolli, applicazioni e argomenti. Le directory dei protocolli e delle applicazioni contengono riassunti dei progetti decentralizzati esistenti e i protocolli.
Go to file
Danny Zuckerman b0a7790bb6 add ceramic to 2021-08-12 12:20:26 +00:00
applications Update mastodon, steemit 2020-07-21 20:53:24 -07:00
protocols Update 2021-03-13 17:53:02 +00:00
topics Update design/preexisting/topics/ 2020-09-21 08:15:51 +00:00
.gitignore initial structure for future docs 2020-02-19 18:39:51 +00:00
Federated.png Add diagrams, edit overview, update protocols 2020-07-07 16:14:29 -07:00
P2P.png Edit p2p graphic 2020-07-16 12:41:50 -07:00 Update 2021-08-03 08:50:10 +00:00 Update 2020-10-20 17:30:05 +00:00 add ceramic to 2021-08-12 12:20:26 +00:00

Ecosystem Overview

This overview of the decentralized social ecosystem is structured by protocols, applications, and topics. The protocols and applications directories contain summaries of existing projects. The topics section compares how decentralized protocols handle key topics, and includes relevant projects not covered elsewhere.



In the p2p ecosystem, there is sometimes not a clear distinction between protocols and applications, making it unclear what a project encompasses. This diagram attempts to clarify which layer of the stack these p2p projects operate at.

P2p ecosystem

The distinction between protocols and applications is clearer in the federated social ecosystem, where applications follow a familiar client-server model. Diaspora is both the name of the social application as well as the protocol, and Solid does not yet have a social network application.

Federated ecosystem


Network structure

  • Federated networks
    • Passing messages between systems
    • Replicating data between systems
  • P2p networks
  • Hybrid


  • Decentralized identity
  • In federated applications
  • In p2p applications
  • Blockchain identity systems
  • DIDs
  • Key management
  • Reputation, Trust
  • Failure modes:
    • Sybils & spam
    • Impersonation


  • Data models
  • Mutability


  • Curation
  • Search


  • Community-based
  • User-driven
  • Experimental


  • User metadata
  • Private accounts
  • Direct messages


  • Application level
  • Provider level
  • Protocol level


  • Overview of existing models


Written by Jay Graber (@arcalinea)

Contributions from:

Further Reading

More extensive lists of decentralized web projects: